Keep Enough Space at Your Japanese Kitchen

Space Planning: Beginner’s Guide

Space planning is lifeblood of interior design. It is a very important step that you cannot miss when doing interior design. Why? Because you need to have a detailed analysis of how you are going to use space.

A space plan indicates each section of the space and what role a particular space should play. Other than that, a space plan defines the pattern of circulation, predicting people’s movement through space. Then, you can finish space planning by detailing the layout of equipment, furniture and hardware.

Hence, it is a crucial skill that an interior designer should master. So, how do you create a space plan? Let us take a look at factors to consider when designing the interior!

Room’s Focal Points

Consider the room’s structure. Windows, doors, hearths, built-in units and so forth should always be on your mind. A scale drawing can guide you on how to arrange the accessories and furniture effectively in your room.

Check whether there is a balance between the focal points of the room. Always aim at balancing the space structure. In that regard, do not forget focal points of the room attract the human eye.

People should get the impression that the space is sufficiently large. One effective technique of doing this is to break the upholstery of a sofa using a textured or coloured runner to remove the perception of oversize.

Likewise, furniture size should be in agreement with room size. Do not go for furniture without legs because they tend to create a perception of less space.

space planning model
Above: A space planning model

If the room is small, then you can break up the lines separating the walls and floor by obscuring the room edges. You can also export outside inside. Just ensure that your space has an opening to the outside. Also, do not use different flooring materials. This will enable you to export the space from the neighbouring rooms.

Human Perception of Space

Humans tend to have a space perception depending on the size of their bodies. Therefore, do not expect a heavy-set person to have the same perception of space as a tall, skinny person. Also, you should view the space as a volume.

Do not forget to apply the law, “matter occupies space” in space planning. Ask yourself the implication of adding room fixtures and fittings on space. In other words, does your room allow you to fit in a chandelier, bookshelf, sculpture or even a coffee table? Space should not appear to be stuffy.

Therefore, you should edit stuffiness to ensure free circulation and to create an illusion of a big room. Moreover, the passageway of circulation should lead to the main focal points of the room. In other words, it should be a conduit to the main areas of activity.

Do not forget to define the activity for each zone of the space, which is either long or big. The human eye tends to follow a vertical line upwards and horizontal lines sideways. Always keep this principle in mind.

space planning design
Above: A computer-generated model of space planning design

Prospect and Refuge Theory

A skilful interior designer should trick others into thinking that space is enclosed to create a feel and look of security. The feeling of insecurity is innate. Thus, we always crave for a place where we can escape from the natural world in front of us.

According to the theory of Prospect and Refuge, “


e prefer a shelter (refuge) with a view (prospect), because humans have their field of vision to the front (prospect), therefore needing some sort of protection from behind (refuge)”.

Space Plan

In summary, always ensure that you draw up a plan that indicates the activities that occur in each space and how these activities relate to each other. Then, you can look for a large paper sheet, a rubber and a pencil. For example, an A1-or A2-sized card sheet. On the sheet, draw a scale drawing.

Do not forget to add lighting fixtures, hearth, cupboards, windows, doors or any built-in unit. List what you like to add in the space. Then, you can create a paper cutout for every piece according to scale. Do not forget to play around with the pieces to know what piece is right for a particular space.

Want space planning consultation? Hook up with Hanzo Design. We can help you to exploit the room space to the maximum. Moreover, we have a team of skillful and dedicated interior designers who will assess the use of your space, activities taking place in each part of the space and the time spent in each space. We aim to know how a space works for you. Thus, we will then proceed to work out the best plan for your space.

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